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Museum of History of Kazan University
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"First Lecturers..."

The first lecturers of University came from gymnasia. G.I.Kartashevsky, the teacher of Math, was appointed the Adjunct of Higher Mathematics; the teacher of Logics and Moral Admonition L.S.Levitsky became an Adjunct of Theoretical and Practical Philosophy, I.I.Zapolsky - an Adjunct of Mathematics and Experimental Physics, and the former teacher of Slavic-Russian and Arithmetic classes N.M.Ibraghimov was appointed an Adjunct of Russian Philology. The Director of Gymnasia, the teacher of History and Geography I.F.Yakovkin, was given the title of Professor and the post of University Director. Many foreign scientists were invited from abroad.


Karl Fuks was one of the first scientists appointed as ordinary professor of Natural Science and Botany. He dedicated thirty years of life to Kazan University and forty years to the city of Kazan, which he called his second Motherland. The scholar Karl Fuks was one of the founders of several scientific schools formed at Kazan University. Fuks was the first Professor of Mineralogy and one of the first physicians and zoologists of Kazan University. He was very popular as a brilliant practitioner, being a historian and archeologist, ethnographer and numismatist, traveler and collector at the same time.


In 1807 Christian Fren was appointed Ordinary Professor of Kazan University at the Department of Oriental Languages. He was the first professor of Oriental Languages of Kazan University and taught Arabic and Persian there. Fren is rightfully considered the founder of scientific oriental studies at Kazan University and pioneer in numismatics.


It was the time when an Austrian scientists Johann Braun, graduated from Vienna University, was invited as an Ordinary Professor of the Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Forensic Medicine. He had the honor of being the first elected Rector of Kazan University (1813-1814).


In 1807 the German scientist Martin Bartels was invited to the Department of Mathematics. A mathematician of encyclopedic knowledge and C. Gauss's friend he began his course of lectures just after arrival in 1808. For twelve years of his activity at Kazan University he gave lectures on History of Math, Higher Arithmetic, Differential and Integral Calculus, Analytical Geometry and Trigonometry, Spherical Trigonometry, Analytical Mechanics and Astronomy.


In 1808 the graduator of the Hettingen Univerity Casper Renner was appointed an ordinary professor of the Department of Applied Mathematics. "Renner was calm and level-tempered; he lived only in intellectual spheres. A man of great intellect and wide education, accustomed to strict logics of mathematical formulas, he gave academic lecturers in French, which was perfect. His first students kept all that in their memory and always remembered about him with great respect".


In 1810 the poet, natural scientist and lecturer Ksavery Broner was appointed an Ordinary Professor of Theoretical and Experimental Physics.


The same year the position of Professor of Astronomy of Kazan University was given to Iosif Littrov, graduated from Prague University. While staying in Kazan, Littrov tried to get high standards of teaching Astronomy. In 1811 Littrov and his best students Lobachevsky and Simonov observed a big comet. He was a lecturer of Astronomy and published a number of articles. In 1814 Littrov organized the first Astronomy Observatory in the Botanic Garden lodge, situated in the university yard.


The history of Kazan University is rich in names of great scientists and teachers, enlighteners and state men, writers and cultural figures, who worked or studied there. The museum tells us about many of them.

 
G.I.Kartashevsky
G.I.Kartashevsky


H.D.Fren
H.D.Fren


M.Kh.Bartels
M.Kh.Bartels


K.I.Broner
K.I.Broner
 
 


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