Stukenberg Geology Museum of Kazan State University
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Collection of Meteorites

One of the most interesting geological objects demonstrated in the Mineralogy Section of the KSU Geology Museum is meteorites. The Okhan meteorite, which fell not far from Perm city in 1887, made a start of the exhibition. Fragments of Okhan meteoritic rain let A.A.Stukenberg make an exchange with companies from Italy, the USA and Germany. As a result the collections of meteorites of Kazan Museum became one of the most considerable museum collections in Russia.


At present the Meteorites' Catalogue of the KSU geology Museum includes 113 names of meteorites of different genetic groups. All the main genetic types of meteorites are characterized in the Mineralogy Section. The meteorite Kainsaz of pyramid shape, which fell in the noon of September 13, 1937 in Muslyumovsky territory of Tatarstan, is the biggest in the collection. Local people could see a unique phenomenon. Total weight of the meteorite, which broke into pieces when falling, was more than 210 kg. There are two samples weighting 52,375 kg and 27 kg in the collection of the Geology Museum.


During the period from 1996 to 1998 the KSU Museum exchanged a number of meteorite collections from the USA (New York) and Czech Republic (Prague) that let considerably enrich our collection and make it different. As a result of this exchange the museum got one of the most beautiful meteorites in the world pallacite Esquell of more than 10 kg weigh and a fragment pf Zagami achondrite of 37,5 g weight, which is considered to be a part of Mars substance on the opinion of American scientist.


Three other meteorites were found on the territory of Tatarstan. They are Muslyumovo meteorite found in 1964 and Ivanovks found in 1983. The third one Chuvash Kissy was found in 1899 in Aksubayevo District of Tatarstan. All of them are stone meteorites, i.e. coaly chondrites.


From 100 to 1000 tons of extraterrestrial substance gets to the Earth every day, but only 1% of it is represented by meteorites. Among all meteorite groups chondrites, which have the similar chemical composition to the Sun, being very primitive substances, are spread more than others.


Meteorites (except chondrites) as well as well-known rocks of earth and moon origin have non-solar composition, which let us speak about chemical differentiation. Coaly chondrites have very complicated organic compounds and this fact allows to form a hypothesis of life in a primitive solar system.

 
Sikhote-Alin Iron Meteorite
Sikhote-Alin.
Iron Meteorite



Kainsaz. Stony Meteorite (Coaly n Chondrite)
Kainnsaz.
Stony Meteorite
(Coaly n Chondrite)



Esquell. Iron-Stony Meteorite (pallasite)
Esquell.
Iron-Stony Meteorite
(pallasite))
 
 


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