Stukenberg Geology Museum of Kazan State University
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Theme Regional Collections

The minerals of the Volga Region are perfectly demonstrated in the exposition. The work on collecting samples began at the time of the KSU establishing and was connected with such names as I.A.Golovkinsky, A.A.Stukenberg, P.I.Krotov, L.M.Miropolsky and other researchers.


The museum demonstrates samples of transparent gypsum crystals and druses from Kamsko-Ustyinskoye Deposit, calcite forms from Syukeyevo case and Antonoskiye mountains, collomorphic aggregates of chalcedony and small quartz druses from the right bank of the Volga River and suburbs of Kazan, polished silicon concretions from the Kamsko-Ustyinsky District. During a field expedition not long ago the museum specialists found manifestations of amethyst quartz in Kamskoye Ustye district. Its small crystals fill silicate amygdules.


There is a rich set of samples from the suburbs of Ulianovsk, Undor and Sengel. They are nice concretion forms of pyrite with multi-colored iridescent tarnish, polished sections of limy septaria and forms of local calcite named "simbirtsit" as well as numerous pseudomorphs of pyrite and marcasite on living organism remnants of Jurassic and Cretaceous, namely ammonites, belemnites and bivalve mollusks.


Minerals from Baikal Region are represented by pegmatitic veins from Adun-Cholon deposit and skarns from Slyudyanka Deposit. Adun-Cholon pegmatites are famous for gigantic crystals of minerals. The size of single beryl crystals exhibited in the Mineralogy Section is 300 mm.


Adun-Cholon beryls are represented by aquamarines (light-blue type) and heliodors (yellow type). Contact-metasomatic Slyudyanka complexes are characterized by big crystals of apatite, calcite, spinel, phlogopite and scapolites. There is a number of polished lumps of Siberian lazurite. As for industrial stones the museum has a wonderful collection of nephrites of different colors and charoites from Siberia.


Thanks to graduates of the Geology Department Arnold A. Zamarayev and Vladislav A. Bobrovnikov, their enthusiasm and long-term work in the North-eastern region of the Russian Federation, the university museum was given a remarkable collection of chalcedonies of the region. The minerals are widely used in jewelry's art characterized as quite different structural and texture features and very multi-colorfullness. The most famous chalcedonies and agates from the North-Eastern part of the country are exhibited in the Mineralogy Section of the KSU Geology Museum.


Another well-known mineralogical province of Russia is the Kola Peninsular. Variety of minerals and rocks is defined by a big land mass of alkali rocks - nepheline-syenites from Khibiny Mountains. The Mineralogy Section of the museum demonstrates radial aggregates of astrophilite, crimson eudialyte disseminations, druses of emerald crystals of amazonite, growths of wedge-shaped crystals of sphene and other exotic minerals from the Kola Peninsular.

 
Onyx Marble. Ulianovsk Region
Onyx Marble.
Ulianovsk Region



Datolite - wollastonite skarn. Primorski Territory
Datolite - wollastonite skarn.
Primorski Territory



Collection of Charoites. Eastern Siberia
Collection of Charoites.
Eastern Siberia



Mourmanite Embedded. The Kola Peninsula
Mourmanite Embedded.
The Kola Peninsula
 
 


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