Astronomy and cosmic geodesy department trains specialists in astronomy and cosmic geodesy.
Its present head is N.A. Sakhibullin.
It is the oldest department of its kind in Russia and has been accepting students since as far back as 1810. Its first head was Joseph Johann Littrow.
Joseph Johann Litttrow
Littrow lunar crater
Among its numerous students were Nikolai Lobachevsky, great Russian mathematician and geometer, renowned primarily for his pioneering works on
hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry, and Ivan Simonov, Russian
astronomer and member of the first Antarctic expedition. The expeditionТs
The departmentТs observatory, unique for its time, was built in 1833 Ц 1837.
In 1901 a new observatory was built in the suburb of Kazan.
In the 1930s the department started to train specialists in geodesy. In the 1940s a number of important scientists were evacuated to Kazan. Among them
were (left to right on the pictures below) Otto Schmidt (cosmogonic hypothesis), Viktor Hambardzumyan (star systems), Viktor Sobolev (moving shells of stars).
In the 1960s the department started developing in the field of astrophysics Ц physical modeling of stars and their parameters by studying their
specters. Now the department possesses an observatory in North Caucasus, Russia and a unique 1.5 meter telescope. The observatory in North Caucasus is
situated on the slope of Pastukhov mountain (approximately 2000 meters high).
The unique telescope, custom-built in 1995 in Saint-Petersburg, Russia, is installed in Antalya, Turkey.
Astronomy in Kazan today
1 Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences
10 Russian Doctors of Science
30 Russian Candidates of Science
Ц A.I. Nefedyeva (on the photo with pupils), V.V. Lapaeva (on the photo), R.I. Gumerov
Ц O.I.Belkovich (on the photo with pupils), V.V.Andreev, E.D.Kondratyeva, M.G.Ishmukhametova
Ц Yu.A. Nefedyev, N.G.Rizvanov (on the photo with pupils), M.I. Shpekin, N.K. Petrova
Ц G.V. Zhukov, R.Ya. Zhuchkov
Close binary systems
Ц V.V. Shimanskiy, V.F.Suleimanov, S. Pozdniakova
Ц N.A. Sakhibullin, N.N. Shimanskaya, D. Ivanova
Ц N.A. Sakhibullin, I.F. Bikmaev (on the photo)
RTT150 (Russian-Turkish 1.5-m Telecope)
- N.A. Sakhibullin, I.F. Bikmaev, R.I. Gumerov, A. I. Galeev (Official site)
The departmentТs lectures, researchers and students work closely together with the leading scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Estonia,
Netherlands, Spain, Germany, USA and other countries.
19th century Ц Solar System
20th century Ц our Galaxy
21st century Ц extragalactic objects
: Astronomy (since 1810), Geodesy (since 1930)
: Mathematics and General Physics (1st year), spherical astronomy, astrometry, celestial mechanics, astrophysics, star and extragalactical
astronomy etc. Each summer students participate in practical trainings in various observatories.
: 5 years
of students admitted per year
1) Scientific careers in various observatories, institutes etc.
2) Office work (all of the students undergo intensive computer training)
3) Postgraduate course
Student presenting a diploma paper:
I.F. Bikmaev with Turkish colleagues and students in Ankara, 2006: