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   · of Invertebrate Zoology
· of Vertebrate Zoology
· of Botany
· of Soil Science
· of Human and Animal Physiology
· of Microbiology
· of Biochemistry
· of Physiology and Plant Biotechnology
· of Genetics
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Dean of the Faculty
Asc. Professor Rushan M. Sabirov

  Address: 18, Kremlevskaja str.,
  420008 Kazan,
  Tatarstan, Russia
  Tel.: (007-843) 231-52-40
  Fax: (007-843) 292-44-48
  E-mail: Rushan.Sabirov@ksu.ru

Faculty of Biology and Soil

Biology started developing at Kazan University since the moment of its foundation. Nowadays, the Faculty of Biology and Soil trains specialists in eight different specialties and nine specializations. Around 300 students are trained at the Faculty, of them over 30 are international. The Faculty consists of nine departments, two museums (zoological and botanical) and five laboratories incorporated into the Institute of Biology. The Faculty has 17 full professors, 40 associate professors, 10 senior lecturers and 16 assistant professors, of them 22 doctors and 58 candidates of science. The Faculty has two biological stations and Belomorskaya (White Sea) educational point where undergraduate students have their summer practice and internship. Professors at the Faculty are full and correspondent members of different academies of science. Thus, I.Tarchevskiy - Academician of the Russian Academy of Science (RAS), A.Grechkin - correspondent member of RAS, I.Leshchinskaya - Academician of the Tatarstan Academy of Science (TAS), R.Naumova - Academician of the Russian Academy of Ecology, A.Golubev - Academician of the International Academy of Pedagogy, F.Sokolina, B.Barabanshchikov, V.Garanin - correspondent members of the International Academy of Pedagogy. The Faculty has two specialized councils on the defense of doctor thesis. Faculty research is supported by grants of the Russian Fund of Basic Research, Foundation of Saint Petersburg State University, Research Foundation of TAS, Foundation "Russian Universities - Basic Research", as well as several international foundations ("Copernicus", NATO, DAAD, etc.).

The Faculty is actively involved in research in various areas of contemporary biology attracting wide participation of undergraduate students from all of its nine departments, which is a necessary part of training high-quality experts.

The oldest departments at the Faculty of Biology and Soil are the Departments of Invertebrate Zoology, Vertebrate Zoology, Botany, Human and Animal Physiology, and Soil Science. Their history dates back to the early 19th century.

The Department of Invertebrate Zoology (headed by Prof. Golubev) uses the latest research methods for investigating adaptive capacities of the invertebrates (many of them are of great significance for the human being) to existence at cellular, tissue, organism and population levels.

The Department of Vertebrate Zoology (headed by Prof. Kuznetsov) develops three main research directions: Ichthyology (Prof. V.Kuznetsov), Hydrobiology (Prof. V.Yakovlev) and Tetrapodology of Land Vertebrates (Ass. Prof. V.Garanin). All the above were united by the research subject "Evaluating conditions of main ecosystem components in upper part of Kyubyshev Reservoir and its natural biocenoses aimed at optimal use of fish reserves and nature protection".

Staff and students of the Departments of Botany (headed by Ass.Prof. A.Sitnikov) for many years have been working on problems of reproductive and population biology of higher plants aimed at establishing regularities of their circulation and preservation of biodiversity in the East of European Russia.

The team of the Department of Soil Science (headed by Prof. G.Koposov) researches concepts of soil as the foundation for the existence of all living communities inhabiting the dry land as well as the object used by people for obtaining food in necessary quality and quantity.

Research at the Department of Human and Animal Physiology (headed by Prof. I.Pleshchinskiy) is devoted to investigating mechanisms of the nervous system which is of great importance for many areas of present-day science, especially medicine. (Staff)

The history of creating the Departments of Microbiology and Biochemistry at Kazan University is worthy of a special note. The Department of Microbiology was started in 1920 by the Head of the Kazan School of Spirochetologists Prof. V.Aristovskiy. Since 1930 that department became a part of a newly created medical institute, while the present Department of Microbiology at Kazan University (a new unit at the University since 1969) investigates questions of general microbiology and molecular biology. Prof. O.Ilyinskaya, the Head of the Department, continues to develop the research subject "Nucleodepolymerases and their affect on tumor growth" started by Prof. Belyaeva. The Department is involved in the study of biosynthesis regulation and activity of microbial enzymes, mechanisms of xenobiotics destruction, cellular response to exogenous factors - stress inductors, as well as problems connected with the application of microbiology in agriculture and industry.

The first department of biochemistry in the world was founded at Kazan University by Prof. A.Danilevskiy. In 1930 it also became a part of Kazan Medical Institute (presently - University) which started from the Department of Medicine of Kazan University. The present Department of Biochemistry headed by Prof. F.Alimova continues scientific traditions of classical biochemistry. The main research areas include the investigation of metabolism peculiarities in nucleic acid and enzymes of nucleic exchange as related to normal and tumor cells as well as revealing molecular foundations for autoimmune diseases in humans and animals.

Prof. A.Alexeyev known for his works in plant aquatic regime contributed much to creating the Department of Plant Physiology in 1932. This Department, renamed as the Department of Physiology and Plant Biotechnology, (headed by Prof. L.Khokhlova), conducts physiological and immunochemical research in detecting the role of cytoskeleton in forming plant thermo adaptive potential. High-sensitivity cytoskeleton biodiagnosticums (markers) have been developed for the evaluation of frost-resistance of different types of agricultural plants that can be applied in phytotransgenesis and cellular selection.

The Department of Genetics, started in 1976, and ever since headed by Prof. B.Barabanshchikov, is the newest at the Faculty. The Department is primarily involved in detecting molecular mechanisms of reparation, recombination and mutagenesis. Lately, the Department has started investigating the role of silicon metabolism in regulating main genetic processes.

In biology the scholars have answered almost all the "how" questions. Now it's time for "why" questions, which is quite a work, isn't it? I believe it makes it worth living and racking our brains.


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