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Bilyarsk hoard of Cufic coins

In 2001 during the works of archaeological expedition of Kazan State University, the hoard was found near Bilyarsk.

In 1909 A.K. Markov published the information concerning the hoard which had been found in the village Krasnyi (former Kreschenyi) Baran in Spaskii region of Kazan province. This village is located in 14 km from Bilyarsk. The contents of these two hoards are similar.

During excavations in 2001, it was established that the new hoard had been hidden in the small clay vessel at a depth of 40-45 cm in the soil. This vessel was broker by a plough, and a part of the vessel was drawn out an the ground. The weight of the new hoard exceeds twice the weight of the hoard found in the village Kreschenii Baran. The same rate takes place for the quantities of coins contained in these hoards.

Shems al-Ma'ali Qabus b. Washmigir (978-1012) with
the names of Abbasidic halifs al-Ta'i-lillah (974-991)
(d=24, w=5.01) (next)
Shems al-Ma'ali Qabus b. Washmigir (978-1012) with
the names of Abbasidic halifs al-Kadir-billah (991-1031)
(d=24, w=4.86) (next)
Ali ben Mamuna's (997-1015) dirhems with the name of halif
  al-Kadir-billah (991-1031) (d=26, w=3.92) (next)
      Ali b. Nasr ad-daula Chalif at-Ta'i lillah (974-991)
Dgurdgan 387 AH (d=26, w=5.81) (next)

Except for a 2.98- gram weight, the new hoard consists of whole, cut and broken Cufic coins which belong to the end of 10 th and the beginning of 11 the century. By preliminary investigation, there are the following coins: dirhams of the Mamunid Ali b. Mamun 387- 406 AH (997-1015) (Khwarizmshah of the 2nd dynasty); dirhams of the Ziyarid Shems al- Ma'ali Qabus b. Washmigir- 366-403 AH (976- 1012); several tens of anonymous coins; 33 dirhams of the Buwayhid Adud ad- daul wa Tadg al- Mill, Fahr ad- daul (2 types of mint dated by 374- 379 AH and third type of mint dated by 380 AH and subsequent years (by R. Fasmer)), Fahr ad- daule and Husrau Firuz, Madjd ad- daul; 4 samanids dirhems (Nuh b. Mansur); 1 dirhem of the Simdgurid Abu Ali Muhammad with the name of name Nuh b. Mansur; 3 Qarakhanids dirhems with the names of Qutb ad- daul Qara-kaqan, Muhammad b. Ali, Sina ad- daula.

In addition, small number of whole dirhems and their large fragmentation's is not defined yet or cannot be read.

There are greater than thousand small fragments of cut and broken dirhams.

Earlier found dirhams are defined by G.A. Fedorov- Davydov and the author.

The results of the quantitative spectral analysis far samples of 24 coins (samples No 1 and No 2 are taken from interior and exterior layers of dirham) and listed in the table. For comparison, in the table there is the layer of a silver round bar, which is rolled up info a pipe. This bar is from Spask hoard.

The spectral analysis is done by researcher R.H. Hramchenkova.

Archaeological works are supported by Russian Human Scientific Foundation (project No 01-01-18115 e) and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No 02-06-80205 a).

Table. Results of quantitative spectral analysis by DFS -458, MF-2

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